Alexandra Vacaru

+40 21 201 1200

Practice areas


  • assistance with EU law general matters (material and institutional EU law, procedures before EU courts)
  • cases resulting from failure to implement or improper implementation of EU law or from measures restricting the freedoms of the internal market
  • harmonization of legislation in the context of or for the purpose of avoiding infringement proceedings
  • matters related to fundamental rights
  • cartels, abuse of dominance and other practices restrictive of competition
  • competition investigations
  • assistance in competition litigation
  • competition compliance
  • state aid

Representative Cases and Transactions

EU Law

  • assistance of the Government before CJEU in preliminary proceedings addressed by Romanian Courts, direct actions against Romania and Opinions pursuant to Article 218(11) TFEU (prior to joining NNDKP)
  • assistance with the court challenge against fiscal measures imposed following transposition of a Directive in a manner contrary to EU law
  • assistance with preliminary ruling requests addressed to Romanian courts
  • assessment on national transposition of pricing regulations in the agricultural field, in the context of the aims of the relevant EU regulations and the particularities of the agricultural policy
  • assessment of the relationship between the protection offered by ECHR to fundamental rights and the guarantees under the Chart of fundamental rights of the EU to the access to file in investigations performed by administrative authorities having sanctioning competencies; complaints before the European Court of Human Rights regarding the violation of art. 6 of the Convention
  • assessment of cases on freedom of services and of cases on freedom of goods (national protective measures)


  • assistance of a company active in the business of production and sale of electricity meters and ancillary measuring equipment, Romanian subsidiary of a global technology company, in a bid rigging investigation
  • assistance of a leading company in aerospace, defense, security and surveillance in a competition investigation in the context of public procurement procedures organized by the Romanian Border Police
  • assistance of a Romanian provider of private medical services in a competition investigation on anticompetitive agreements and abuse of dominance
  • assistance of the leader of small household appliances market with the court challenge of a competition authority decision, in a case on price fixing and limitation of sales in buy-back campaigns for electric and electronic equipment organized by a waste management association
  • assistance of the second largest cash & carry retailer, part of a large European group, and of certain suppliers, part of multinational groups, with the court challenge of a competition authority decision imposing fines in a case on price fixing during promotions in the food retail sector


  • Paris 5 Descartes University, Master 2 in EU Law
  • Paris 2, Pantheon-Assas University, Master 1 in EU Law
  • Cluj-Napoca Babes-Bolyai University, International Relations and European Studies, Bachelor Degree

Notable Contributions

  • Speaker at the 3rd specialized conference for Romanian judges (project: “Improving the enforcement of competition rules in Romania”, organized by Freedom House in partnership with the European Commission and the National Institute for Magistracy) – presentation on State liability for the refusal to referring a preliminary ruling (2016)
  • “EU accession to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Prudence or reluctance? An assessment of the Opinion 2/13 of the Court of Justice of the European Union” (Co-author with the Romanian Governmental Agent for the CJEU) (2015)